The belief in and promotion of the abolition of slavery and the slave trade.
Early 19th century: from abolition + -ism.
- Abolitionism was a major social movement in the 19th century.
- Many abolitionists gave speeches and wrote articles calling for an end to slavery.
- Abolitionism played a key role in bringing about the end of slavery in the United States.
- The abolitionist movement was supported by people of all races and backgrounds.
- Abolitionism inspired other movements for social justice, such as women's suffrage and workers' rights.