Anthrax (noun)

An acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis, primarily affecting cattle and sheep but also humans, especially those handling infected animals or their products.


Late 18th century: from greek anthrakis "coal" (because of the black skin lesions caused by the disease).


  1. Anthrax is a serious disease that affects both humans and animals.
  2. The anthrax outbreak among cattle was brought under control with antibiotics.
  3. The spores of anthrax can survive in soil for many years.
  4. Anthrax can be contracted through contact with infected animals or by inhaling spores.
  5. Anthrax is a potential biological weapon.
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